The World Health Organisation (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health. Its primary objective is to promote and coordinate global health, monitor health trends, and provide guidance and support to countries in managing health-related issues. Here are some key functions and activities of the WHO:
- Health Policy and Advocacy: The WHO develops and promotes evidence-based policies and strategies to address global health challenges. It advocates for health as a fundamental right and works to ensure access to essential healthcare services for all.
- Disease Prevention and Control: The WHO plays a crucial role in preventing and controlling communicable and non-communicable diseases. It supports countries in implementing effective disease surveillance systems, developing vaccination programs, and responding to disease outbreaks and emergencies.
- International Health Regulations: The WHO facilitates the implementation of the International Health Regulations (IHR), which are a legally binding framework for global health security. The IHR aims to prevent the international spread of diseases and enhance countries’ capacity to detect and respond to public health emergencies.
- Health Research and Innovation: The WHO promotes and supports health research to generate new knowledge and evidence. It collaborates with researchers, institutions, and partners worldwide to address priority health issues, develop innovative solutions, and improve healthcare delivery.
- Capacity Building and Technical Assistance: The WHO provides technical support and capacity-building initiatives to strengthen health systems in countries. This includes training healthcare workers, improving infrastructure, and enhancing healthcare delivery to ensure quality and equitable services.
- Health Emergency Response: The WHO plays a critical role in responding to health emergencies, such as disease outbreaks, natural disasters, and humanitarian crises. It coordinates international efforts, mobilizes resources, and provides guidance on emergency preparedness and response strategies.
- Health Promotion and Disease Prevention: The WHO promotes health education and awareness to prevent diseases and promote healthy lifestyles. It develops guidelines for health promotion interventions, campaigns, and initiatives aimed at reducing risk factors and improving overall population health.
- Collaboration and Partnerships: The WHO works closely with member states, other UN agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and various stakeholders to foster collaboration and partnerships. It facilitates international cooperation and knowledge-sharing to address global health challenges collectively.
It’s important to note that the WHO’s activities and priorities can evolve based on emerging health issues and global health needs.
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